Performing CPR on a drowning casualty

Drowning occurs when someone is unable to breathe due to there mouth and nose being submerged in water or fluid. It can occur in a range of different situations, from the bath to a bucket of water and It’s often characterised as being silent and fast.

One of the unique aspects of providing CPR to a drowning victim is that the lungs are  filled with water, leaving no oxygen in the lungs or blood stream.

Remember your DRSABCD

Remove the casualty  from the water straight away and place on a hard surface.

If they are unresponsive call triple zero.

Check the airway by tilting the head back and extending the jaw. In a drowning casualty it’s  likely that you will see water in the airway. If this is the case, roll the casualty onto their side and using your fingers, attempt to scope out the blockage.

Check for signs of breathing, using the concept of, “look listen and feel”. This should be for no more than 10 seconds.

 

The importance of Rescue Breaths

With no signs of regular breathing, commence CPR by beginning with 30 compressions followed by 2 ‘rescue breaths’. These rescue breaths are vital, as the the body has depleted all oxygen in the lungs and the blood stream.

In around 80% of cases a casualty will regurgitate or vomit while CPR is being performed. If this occurs remember to roll them on their side, so that the fluid can drain. If they commence breathing, leave them on their side. If not,  roll them back and continue CPR until help arrives.

In a situation of  near drownings, removing the casualty from the water results in them coughing and beginning to breathe again. However due to the risk of Cardiac arrest, caused by injury to the lungs and heart, they should be monitored very closely.

All drowning events, even minor ones, are serious and and Ambulance should be called each time.

Interested in learning more about CPR? Join one of our Provide CPR courses, running every week at our Osborne Park training centre.

 

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I completed my First Aid Course in 2018 with Jodie and have just completed my CPR Refresher with Nicole today. Both ladies are exceptional trainers. They are very informative and make the training far more interesting than any other First Aid Course I have ever done. Thank you to the both of you, I have the confidence and knowledge of what to do if a situation ever arises. I will definitely be returning for any further training needed and will 100% be recommending you both and RTS Training.

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I've been going on First Aid training for 15 years. Nicole at RTS made this the best First Aid training course I have been on. When someone can present and provide humour you learn much more and it also makes the day pass more quickly. Thank you Nicole, I walked into the course down, stressed and wanting to get the day over as quickly as possible but your quick dry dead pan wit improved my whole day.

Alexsandra Louise

The instructor should pay attention to her wordings. The students who are originally from other countries were feeling offensive as below examplesInstructor pointed to a dark skin student and laughed about his skin colour “nobody would know you are sick because you are dark and you don’t turn blue “Also asked another student "did your strong accent interrupt the effective communication in your workplace"

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My 5th time doing cpr and first aid and still managed to learn new things. Knowledgeable instructor (Caity), relaxed environment, happy with the training.

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So much enjoyed the class with Nicole. She was so much informative and fun. Highly recommend it.

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